Sub- and super-shear ruptures during the 2023 Mw 7.8 and Mw 7.6 earthquake doublet in SE Türkiye

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Diego Melgar , Tuncay Taymaz, Athanassios Ganas, Brendan W Crowell, Taylan Öcalan, Metin Kahraman, Varvara Tsironi, Seda Yolsal-Çevikbil, Sotiris Valkaniotis, Tahir Serkan Irmak, Tuna Eken, Ceyhun Erman, Berkan Özkan, Ali Hasan Dogan, Cemali Altuntaş


An earthquake doublet (Mw 7.8 and Mw 7.6) occurred on the East Anatolian Fault Zone (EAFZ) on February 6th, 2023. The events produced significant ground motions and caused major impacts to life and infrastructure throughout SE Türkiye and NW Syria. Here we show the results of earthquake relocations of the first 11 days of aftershocks and rupture models for both events inferred from the kinematic inversion of HR-GNSS and strong motion data considering a multi-fault, 3D geometry. We find that the first event nucleated on a previously unmapped fault before transitioning to the East Anatolian Fault (EAF) rupturing for ~ 350 km and that the second event ruptured the Sürgü fault for ~ 160 km. Maximum rupture speeds were estimated to be 3.2 km/s for the Mw 7.8 event. For the Mw 7.6 earthquake, we find super-shear rupture at 4.8 km/s westward but sub-shear eastward rupture at 2.8 km/s. Peak slip for both events were as large as ~8m and ~6m, respectively.



Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics


Earthquake seismology


Published: 2023-02-19 22:55

Last Updated: 2023-05-07 16:00

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CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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Data Availability (Reason not available):
We made the data available to the journal but we'd like to embargo until acceptance. At that point we'll share the zenodo link