Filtering by Subject: Geochemistry

Barometers behaving badly: Assessing the influence of analytical and experimental uncertainty on clinopyroxene thermobarometry calculations at crustal conditions

Penny E Wieser, Adam JR Kent, Christy Till, et al.

Published: 2022-12-01
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Mineral Physics, Volcanology

The composition of clinopyroxene and Clinopyroxene-Liquid (Cpx-Liq) pairs are frequently used to calculate crystallization/equilibration pressures in igneous systems. While canonical uncertainties are often assigned to calculated pressures based on fits to calibration or test datasets, the sources of these uncertainties (and thus ways to reduce them) have not been rigorously assessed. We show [...]

Joint probabilistic inversion of 3D magnetotelluric and seismic data: Lithospheric structure and melting dynamics in southeast Australia

Maria Constanza Manassero, Sinan ozaydin, Juan Carlos Afonso, et al.

Published: 2022-11-18
Subjects: Geochemistry, Geophysics and Seismology, Volcanology

The thermochemical structure of the lithosphere exerts control on melting mechanisms in the mantle as well as the location of volcanic eruptions and ore deposits. Imaging the complex interactions between the lithosphere and asthenospheric mantle require the joint inversion of multiple data sets and their uncertainties. In particular, the combination of temperature and electrical conductivity with [...]

Community recommendations for geochemical data, services and analytical capabilities in the 21st century

Marthe Klöcking, Lesley Wyborn, Kerstin Lehnert, et al.

Published: 2022-11-17
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Cosmochemistry, Earth Sciences, Geochemistry

The majority of geochemical and cosmochemical research is based upon observations and, in particular, upon the acquisition, processing and interpretation of analytical data from physical samples. The exponential increase in volumes and rates of data acquisition over the last century, combined with advances in instruments, analytical methods and an increasing variety of data types analysed, has [...]

PREPRINT: A global platform solution for Big Data in low-temperature thermochronology

Samuel C Boone, Fabian Kohlmann, Wayne Noble, et al.

Published: 2022-11-12
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Low-temperature thermochronology is a powerful tool for constraining the thermal evolution of geological materials at temperatures (< ~300 °C) common in the upper crust in relation to geodynamics, continental crustal evolution, landscape evolution, and natural resource formation and preservation. However, complexities inherent to these analytical techniques can make interpreting the significance [...]

The missing carbon budget puzzle piece: shallow-water hydrothermal vents contribution to global CO2 fluxes

Alessia Bastianoni, Martina Cascone, Joost M de Moor, et al.

Published: 2022-11-08
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Planetary Biogeochemistry, Volcanology

The release of CO2 gases from volcanoes and their secondary geothermal manifestations are an important contributor to the global carbon budget. While degassing from mid ocean ridges is relatively well-constrained, the contribution of shallow submarine volcanic degassing to the atmosphere is less clear. Shallow-water hydrothermal vents are common seafloor features present at depths shallower than [...]

Oceanic redox conditions during the terminal Cambrian extinction event

Xi Chen, Graham Anthony Shields, Morten Andersen, et al.

Published: 2022-11-05
Subjects: Geochemistry

Marine animal diversity during the late Cambrian was punctuated by a series of extinctions that have generally been attributed to oceanic anoxic events associated with positive carbon isotope excursions. Here we present carbon and uranium isotope compositions (δ13C and δ238U) as proxies for organic matter burial and oceanic redox, respectively, from carbonate rocks of the Wa’ergang section, South [...]

Comparing detrital age spectra, and other geological distributions, using the Wasserstein distance

Alex George Lipp, Pieter Vermeesch

Published: 2022-10-26
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

Distributional data such as detrital age populations or grain size distributions are common in the geological sciences. As analytical techniques become more sophisticated, increasingly large amounts of distributional data are being gathered. These advances require quantitative and objective methods, such as multidimensional scaling (MDS), to analyse large numbers of samples. Crucial to such [...]

Experimental comparisons of carbonate-associated sulfate extraction methods

Zheyu Tian, Graham Anthony Shields, Ying Zhou

Published: 2022-10-26
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Carbonate-associated sulfate (CAS) refers to trace amounts of sulfate incorporated into carbonate minerals during precipitation. CAS has been the most commonly used approach to recover the paleo-seawater sulfate sulfur isotope composition (δ34Ssw) as carbonate rocks are more common and occur in less restricted marine environments than alternative sulfate-bearing minerals (such as gypsum and [...]

Multiple ocean oxygenation events during the Ediacaran Period: Mo isotope evidence from the Nanhua Basin, South China

Lin Yuan, Ying Zhou, Xi Chen, et al.

Published: 2022-10-24
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology

The Ediacaran Period (ca. 635–539 Ma) was an eventful interval in Earth history, during which a succession of biological and environmental changes, including episodic ocean oxygenation events (OOEs), may have paved the way for the Cambrian radiations of animal life. To better understand the evolution of ocean redox conditions and to estimate the extent of seafloor oxygenation during this period, [...]

Deterministic icehouse and greenhouse climates throughout Earth history

Tyler Kukla, Kimberly V. Lau, Daniel Enrique Ibarra, et al.

Published: 2022-10-06
Subjects: Climate, Geochemistry

Some theories posit that icehouse (with polar ice sheets) and greenhouse (ice-free) states throughout Earth history are not deterministic, but bistable—both states may occur for the same level of radiative forcing. If correct, then the climate state that persists for millions of years can depend on which state already existed, giving the system a `memory’ effect. However, on these timescales the [...]

Geochemical mapping by unmixing alluvial sediments: An example from northern Australia

Alex George Lipp, Patrice de Caritat, Gareth G Roberts

Published: 2022-10-01
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geomorphology, Natural Resource Economics, Sedimentology, Soil Science, Water Resource Management

Alluvial sediments have long been used in geochemical surveys as their compositions are assumed to be representative of areas upstream. Overbank and floodplain sediments, in particular, are increasingly used for regional to continental-scale geochemical mapping. However, during downstream transport, sediments from heterogeneous source regions are carried away from their source regions and mixed. [...]

Comparative study of alteration sequences in pegmatitic aluminium phosphates

Cassian P. F. Pirard

Published: 2022-09-29
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Mineral Physics, Other Earth Sciences

Aluminium phosphates are mineral phases commonly occurring in rare-element pegmatites that record initial magmatic crystallization, metasomatic and hydrothermal replacements and precipitation and low-temperature alteration. Here we perform a comparative mineralogical study between several localities to assess similarities and variations in these parageneses and establish a general alteration [...]

All aboard! Earth system investigations with the CH2O-CHOO TRAIN v1.0

Tyler Kukla, Daniel Enrique Ibarra, Kimberly V. Lau, et al.

Published: 2022-09-24
Subjects: Climate, Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Models of the carbon cycle and climate on geologic (>10^4 year) timescales have improved tremendously in the last 50 years due to parallel advances in our understanding of the Earth system and the increase in computing power to simulate its key processes. Despite these advances, balancing the Earth System's vast complexity with a model's computational expense is a primary challenge in model [...]

Characterisation of phosphate mineralogy in Montebras-en-Soumans Pegmatite, Massif Central, France

Cassian P. F. Pirard

Published: 2022-09-22
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Mineral Physics

Montebras-en-Soumans pegmatitic cupola hosts large pods of phosphate composed of primary amblygonite-montebrasite. These aluminium phosphate masses are considerably altered by post-magmatic processes producing a number of secondary metasomatic hydrothermal phosphates (lacroixite, wardite, morinite, viitaniemiite, apatite, triplite, eosphorite) and low-temperature phosphates (apatite, crandallite, [...]

python-ags4: A Python library to read, write, and validate AGS4 geodata files

Asitha Senanayake, Roger Chandler, Tony Daly, et al.

Published: 2022-09-21
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Geochemistry, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Geotechnical Engineering

Data gathered from geotechnical, geoenvironmental, and geophysical investigations can be broadly described as "geodata". The AGS4 data format is one of the most widely used data transmittal formats for geodata and is used across the world. It is a plain text format consisting of multiple tables of comma-separated values, tied together with a robust data schema and a comprehensive suite of [...]


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