Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Sedimentology

Internal waves and bottom currents interactions around mesophotic reefs, southeastern Mediterranean

Or M. Bialik, Omri Gadol, Aaron Micallef, et al.

Published: 2023-01-24
Subjects: Environmental Monitoring, Geology, Marine Biology, Other Environmental Sciences, Sedimentology

Mesophotic reefs are found in water depths greater than 30m and as such are, for the most part, removed from most direct wave activity, notably in the Mediterranean Sea. There, they are protected from anthropogenic impact and serve as a possible refuge for marine biodiversity in a warming ocean. Yet, like any reef, their growth is modulated by the distribution of the sediment they produce and [...]

Improving Shoreline Forecasting Models with Multi-Objective Genetic Programming

Mahmoud Al Najar, Rafael Almar, Erwin W. J. Bergsma, et al.

Published: 2023-01-10
Subjects: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Climate, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Monitoring, Geomorphology, Hydrology, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Oceanography, Sedimentology, Statistical Models

Given the current context of climate change and the increasing population densities at coastal zones around the globe, there is an increasing need to be able to predict the development of our coasts. Recent advances in artificial intelligence allow for automatic analysis of observational data. Symbolic Regression (SR) is a type of Machine Learning algorithm that aims to find interpretable [...]

Are marl-limestone alternations mainly driven by CaCO3 variations at the astronomical timescale? New insights from extraterrestrial 3He

Pierre-Henri BLARD, Baptiste SUCHERAS-MARX, Guillaume SUAN, et al.

Published: 2023-01-07
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Marl-limestone alternations are rhythmical inter-bedded deposits that commonly occur in many sedimentological environments. It is quite well established that these lithological variations originate from astronomically-driven climatic variations paced by the Milankovitch cycles of main periods 19, 23, 41, 100 and 405 ka. However, the sedimentological mechanisms involved are not clear: some models [...]

Application of micro-CT to deep-marine outcrop data: towards a new tool to better assess primary sedimentary structures and processes at their origin

Pauline Cornard, Gerald Degenhart, Peter Tropper, et al.

Published: 2022-12-17
Subjects: Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Sedimentology

A new application of micro-CT on consolidated sediment-gravity flow deposits is presented with the objectives to characterize its internal sedimentary three-dimensional (3D) structures. The proposed concept is applied to three types of deep-marine sandstones, sampled in study areas showing different compositional properties: the Upper Cretaceous Gosau Group (Austria), the Eocene Hecho Group [...]

Use of remote-sensing to quantify the distribution of progradation/erosion along a forced-regressive modern coastline: driving factors and impact on the stratigraphic record

Valentin Zuchuat, Miquel Poyatos-Moré, Bjorn Nyberg, et al.

Published: 2022-12-13
Subjects: Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

The long-term development of ancient and modern coastal distributary distributive fluvial systems (DFSs) during periods of relative sea-level highstand or fall usually drives net-progradation of shorelines. Such systems often develop in periods of relative sea-level highstand or fall and typically record annual to millennial-scale deviations in coastal trajectories. A new continental dataset [...]

An interconnected palaeo-subglacial lake system in the central Barents Sea

Mariana Esteves, Denise Christina Rüther, Monica C.W. Winsborrow, et al.

Published: 2022-12-03
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Glaciology, Sedimentology

Drainage of meltwater beneath an ice sheet influences ice-flow dynamics. To better predict ice sheet behaviour, it is crucial to understand subglacial hydrological processes. Subglacial lakes are important components of the subglacial hydrological system, with many observed and predicted at the beds of contemporary and palaeo-ice sheets. The technical and logistical challenges of studying [...]

The unknown fate of macroplastic in mountain rivers

Maciej Liro, Tim van Emmerik, Anna Zielonka, et al.

Published: 2022-11-09
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Monitoring, Geology, Geomorphology, Hydrology, Life Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Sustainability, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology, Water Resource Management

Mountain rivers are typically seen as relatively pristine ecosystems, supporting numerous goods (e.g., water resources) for human populations living not only in the mountain regions but also downstream from them. Recent evidence suggests, however, that mountain river valleys in populated areas can be substantially polluted by macroplastic (plastic item > 5 mm). It is, however, unknown how [...]

Phanerozoic cooling events in the continental rims of the Central Atlantic Ocean.

Rémi Charton, Rémi Leprêtre

Published: 2022-10-28
Subjects: Geology, Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Tectonics and Structure

In this review, we have digitized and georeferenced over 7000 Low-Temperature Thermochronology (LTT) data points and 750 Time-Temperature Modelling (TTM) results from 252 published works. The study area includes the continental crusts adjacent to the rifted margins (~Late Triassic to Early Jurassic) of the Central Atlantic Ocean and its direct neighbours. Our main intention is to map out the [...]

GANSim-surrogate: An integrated framework for conditional geomodelling and uncertainty analysis

Suihong Song, Dongxiao Zhang, Tapan Mukerji, et al.

Published: 2022-10-24
Subjects: Computational Engineering, Earth Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Hydrology, Sedimentology

We propose a deep-learning framework (GANSim-surrogate) for conditioning subsurface geomodel realizations to static data and dynamic flow data. The static data includes well facies data, interpreted facies probability maps, and non-spatial global features, while dynamic data can include well data such as pressures and flow rates. The framework consists of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) [...]

Sedimentologika: a community-driven diamond open access journal in sedimentology

Camille Thomas, Aurelia Marie-Luce Privat, Romain Vaucher, et al.

Published: 2022-10-23
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Library and Information Science, Sedimentology

Sedimentologika is a community-driven Diamond Open Access (DOA) scientific journal for the publication of work in the broad area of sedimentology and stratigraphy. The journal aims to provide the academic community and society a platform guaranteeing permanent free publication and free access to peer-reviewed scientific studies focusing on all types of sedimentary processes, deposits, and [...]

The impact of Holocene deglaciation and glacial dynamics on the landscapes and geomorphology of Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 Mayo), NW Antarctic Peninsula

Pablo Heredia Barión, Jorge A Strelin, Stephen J Roberts, et al.

Published: 2022-10-19
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Glaciology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology

The timing and impact of deglaciation and Holocene readvances on the terrestrial continental margins of the Antarctic Peninsula have been well-studied but are still debated. Potter Peninsula on King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (SSI), NW Antarctic Peninsula has a detailed assemblage of glacial landforms and stratigraphic exposures for constraining deglacial landscape [...]

Geochemical mapping by unmixing alluvial sediments: An example from northern Australia

Alex George Lipp, Patrice de Caritat, Gareth G Roberts

Published: 2022-10-01
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geomorphology, Natural Resource Economics, Sedimentology, Soil Science, Water Resource Management

Alluvial sediments have long been used in geochemical surveys as their compositions are assumed to be representative of areas upstream. Overbank and floodplain sediments, in particular, are increasingly used for regional to continental-scale geochemical mapping. However, during downstream transport, sediments from heterogeneous source regions are carried away from their source regions and mixed. [...]

North Atlantic Drift Sediments Constrain Eocene Tidal Dissipation and the Evolution of the Earth-Moon System

David De Vleeschouwer, Donald Penman, Simon D'haenens, et al.

Published: 2022-09-15
Subjects: Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Cyclostratigraphy and astrochronology are now at the forefront of geologic timekeeping. While this technique heavily relies on the accuracy of astronomical calculations, solar system chaos limits how far back astronomical calculations can be performed with confidence. High-resolution paleoclimate records with Milankovitch imprints now allow reversing the traditional cyclostratigraphic approach: [...]

Down-delta hydraulic geometry and its application to the rock record

Octria Adi Prasojo, Trevor B Hoey, Richard David Williams, et al.

Published: 2022-08-31
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Paleodischarge estimation is largely undertaken within fluvial settings, and there are limited paleodischarge estimates specifically from delta deposits, despite their significance globally. Making water paleodischarge estimates for deltas using catchment-based approaches developed using data from fluvial settings requires estimation of parameters from the rock record (e.g. paleotemperature, [...]

Practical sampling criteria for using delta channel width to estimate paleodischarge in the rock record

Octria Adi Prasojo, Anna van Yperen, Trevor B Hoey, et al.

Published: 2022-08-31
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Quantifying paleodischarge from geological field observations have been for decades, and remains, a key research challenge. Several paleodischarge scaling relationships have been developed for fluvial environments, such as BQART, Fulcrum and regional hydraulic geometry or for river deltas by precluding the role of wave and tide. In deltas where marine (wave, tide) energy causes bidirectional [...]

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