Filtering by Subject: Sedimentology

Geochronology and formal stratigraphy of the Sturtian Glaciation in the Adelaide Superbasin

Jarred Cain Lloyd, Wolfgang V Preiss, Alan S. Collins, et al.

Published: 2022-03-24
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

The glaciogenic nature of the Yudnamutana Subgroup was first identified over a century ago, and its global significance was recognised shortly after, eventually culminating with the global Sturtian Glaciation and Snowball Earth theory. Much debate on the origin and timing of these rocks, locally and globally, has ensued in the years since. A significant corpus of research on the lithology, [...]

Late Tonian development and provenance of the Adelaide Superbasin

Jarred Cain Lloyd, Alan S. Collins, Morgan L. Blades, et al.

Published: 2022-03-22
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

The late Tonian sequences of the Adelaide Superbasin were witness to the birth of the proto-Pacific Ocean during the breakup of Rodinia. Understanding the sedimentology and provenance of these rocks from across the basin is key to understanding both their deposition over ~70 million years, the local palaeogeography, and leads to a better understanding of the early development of the proto-Pacific [...]

Paleocene to Miocene southern Tethyan carbonate factories of the Southwestern and Western Central Asia

Giovanni Coletti, Lucrezi Commissario, Luca Mariani, et al.

Published: 2022-03-11
Subjects: Geology, Paleobiology, Paleontology, Sedimentology

One hundred and forty-four sections of shallow-water carbonates, deposited between the Paleocene and the Miocene, from the Levant to the Himalaya, have been investigated to analyze the distribution of carbonate facies and carbonate producing organisms. Large benthic foraminifera resulted the volumetrically most important group of carbonate producers during the whole period, with a peak in [...]

Inverting passive margin stratigraphy for marine sediment transport dynamics over geologic time

Charles Merritt Shobe, Jean Braun, XIAOPING YUAN, et al.

Published: 2022-03-09
Subjects: Geology, Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Passive margin stratigraphy contains time-integrated records of landscapes that have long since vanished. Quantitatively reading the stratigraphic record using coupled landscape evolution and stratigraphic forward models (SFMs) is a promising approach to extracting information about landscape history. However, there is no consensus about the optimal form of simple SFMs because there has been a [...]

Freshwater Suspended Particulate Matter – Key Components and Processes in Floc Formation and Dynamics.

Helene Walch, Frank von der Kammer, Thilo Hofmann

Published: 2022-02-18
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Ecology Life Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Fresh Water Studies, Geochemistry, Hydrology, Sedimentology

Freshwater suspended particulate matter (SPM) plays an important role in many biogeochemical cycles and serves multiple ecosystem functions. Most SPM is present as complex floc-like aggregate structures composed of various minerals and organic matter from the molecular to the organism level. Flocs provide habitat for microbes and feed for larger organisms. They constitute microbial bioreactors, [...]

Early evolution of the Adelaide Superbasin

Jarred Cain Lloyd, Alan S. Collins, Morgan L. Blades, et al.

Published: 2022-02-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

Continental rifts have a significant role in supercontinent breakup, and the development of sedimentary basins. The Australian Adelaide Superbasin is one of the largest and best-preserved rift systems that initiated during the breakup of Rodinia, yet substantial challenges still hinder our understanding of its early evolution and place within the Rodinian supercontinent. In the past decade, our [...]

A one-million-year isotope record from siderites formed in modern ferruginous sediments

Aurèle Vuillemin, Christoph Mayr, Jan A. Schuessler, et al.

Published: 2022-02-17
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Other Environmental Sciences, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Ancient iron formations hold important records of environmental conditions during the Precambrian Eons. Reconstructions of past oceanic systems require investigating modern ferruginous analogs to disentangle water column and diagenetic signals recorded in iron-bearing minerals. We analyzed oxygen, iron, and carbon isotopes in siderite, a ferrous carbonate phase commonly used as an environmental [...]

Macrostratigraphy of the Ediacaran System in North America

Daniel Christian Segessenman, Shanan E Peters

Published: 2022-02-11
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Paleontology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

Ediacaran sediments record the termination of Cryogenian ‘Snowball Earth’ glaciations, preserve the first occurrences of macroscopic metazoans, and contain one of the largest known negative δ13C excursions (the Shuram-Wonoka). The rock record for the transition between the Proterozoic and Phanerozoic in North America is also physically distinct, with much of the continent characterized by a wide [...]

Indian Plate paleogeography, subduction, and horizontal underthrusting below Tibet: paradoxes, controvercies, and opportunities

Douwe J.J. van Hinsbergen

Published: 2022-02-06
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Tectonics and Structure, Volcanology

The India-Asia collision zone is the archetype to calibrate geological responses of continent-continent collision, but hosts a paradox: there is no orogen-wide geological record of oceanic subduction after initial collision around 60-55 Ma, yet thousands of kilometers of post-collisional subduction occurred before arrival of unsubductable continental lithosphere that currently horizontally [...]

Seismic Geomorphology of a Late Cretaceous Turbidite Channel system in Deepwater Kribi/Campo sub-basin, offshore Cameroon


Published: 2022-01-28
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

In this study, a seismic reflection dataset and well-log data were integrated to investigate the geometry and internal configuration of a turbidite channel system within the Late Cretaceous interval of the deep-water Kribi-Campo sub-basin, offshore Cameroon. This interval is characterized by a well-developed submarine channel system consisting of an early and a late-stage channel. [...]

Quaternary E-W extension uplifts Kythira Island and segments the Hellenic Arc

Gino de Gelder, David Fernández-Blanco, Nazik Ögretmen, et al.

Published: 2022-01-25
Subjects: Geology, Geomorphology, Paleontology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

Several crustal and lithospheric mechanisms lead to deformation and vertical motion of the upper plate during subduction, but their relative contribution is often enigmatic. Multiple areas of the Hellenic Forearc have been uplifting since Plio-Quaternary times, yet spatiotemporal characteristics and sources of this uplift are poorly resolved. The remarkable geology and geomorphology of Kythira [...]

How do tectonics influence the initiation and evolution of submarine canyons? A case study from the Otway Basin, SE Australia

Nan Wu, Harya Dwi Nugraha, Michael Steventon, et al.

Published: 2021-12-18
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology

The architecture of canyon-fills can provide a valuable record of the link between tectonics, sedimentation, and depositional processes in submarine settings. We integrate 3D and 2D seismic reflection data to investigate the dominant tectonics and sedimentary processes involved in the formation of two deeply buried (c. 500 m below seafloor), and large (c. 3-6 km wide, >35 km long) Late Miocene [...]

Catchment vegetation and erosion controls soil carbon cycling in south-eastern Australia during the last two Glacial-Interglacial cycles

Alexander Francke, Anthony Dosseto, Matt Forbes, et al.

Published: 2021-12-09
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geomorphology, Sedimentology

Estuarine-deltaic controls on coastal carbon burial in the western Ganges-Brahmaputra delta over the last 5,000 years

Rory Patrick Flood, Margaret Georgina Milne, Graeme T Swindles, et al.

Published: 2021-11-26
Subjects: Applied Statistics, Biogeochemistry, Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Geomorphology, Other Earth Sciences, Other Environmental Sciences, Other Statistics and Probability, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Statistical Methodology, Statistical Models, Statistics and Probability, Water Resource Management

The Ganges–Brahmaputra fluvial system drains the Himalayas and is one of the largest sources of terrestrial biosphere carbon to the ocean. It represents a major continental reservoir of CO2 associated with c. 1–2 billion tons of sediment transported each year. Shallow coastal environments receive substantial inputs of terrestrial carbon (900 Tg C yr−1), with allochthonous carbon capture on [...]

The Influence of Grain Shape and Size on the Relationship Between Porosity and Permeability in Sandstone

Ryan L. Payton, Domenico Chiarella, Andrew Kingdon

Published: 2021-11-18
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology

An accurate and reliable description of the relationship between porosity and permeability in geological materials is valuable in understanding subsurface fluid movement. This is of great importance for studies of reservoir characterisation, useful for energy exploitation, carbon capture, use and storage (CCUS) and groundwater contamination and remediation. Whilst the relationship between pore [...]


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