Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Education

On the Emergence of Tortured Phrases: A Threat to Scientific Integrity - The Example of 'Heavy Metal'

Olivier Pourret

Published: 2024-07-17
Subjects: Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

For some time, I have advocated for banning the term "heavy metal" from scientific literature due to its frequent misuse, suggesting "potentially toxic element" as a replacement. The rise of "tortured phrases," generated by paraphrasing software to avoid plagiarism detection, now further threatens scientific integrity. These nonsensical terms complicate comprehension and dilute the clarity [...]

Regionally Developed Giant Sand Injection Complexes in the Northern North Sea

Oluwatobi Olobayo, Mads Huuse, Christopher Aiden-Lee Jackson

Published: 2024-06-26
Subjects: Education

The Northern North Sea (NNS) is an archetype Giant Injected Sand Province (GISP). Previous studies have documented individual stratigraphically-bound injectite complexes in the North Sea and beyond. Despite two decades of continuous studies, there are still speculations in terms of parent sand identification, visible pathways, fluid source, overpressure generation mechanisms and triggers. This [...]

Can Surface Water Color Accurately Determine Sediment Concentration and Grain Size? A Hyperspectral Imaging Study

Ruo-Qian Wang, David Bazzett

Published: 2024-06-14
Subjects: Education, Engineering

Water color changes are closely linked to variations in suspended sediment characteristics, motivating efforts to reliably determine sediment concentration and size through remote sensing. However, current turbidity measurement practices that rely on empirical correlations have not been rigorously tested in the lab and the past testing was limited to limited particle conditions, leading to a wide [...]

Technological Trends in The Field of Hydrology and Environmental Sciences: A Bibliometric Analysis

Carlos Erazo Ramirez, Kevin Song, Ibrahim Demir

Published: 2024-05-31
Subjects: Civil Engineering, Computational Engineering, Education, Engineering, Environmental Engineering

The rapid advancement and widespread adoption of technology, particularly in web applications and artificial intelligence, have significantly impacted various sectors, including industry, social media, government, and research. This surge in technological utilization has played a pivotal role in the evolution of hydrogeological and environmental sciences, empowering researchers to harness [...]

Towards A Smart City Concept - Machine Learning Smarts for the Estimation of Future Temperature Rise in Tabuk City

Eman AlBalawi

Published: 2024-05-10
Subjects: Education, Engineering, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

In the Middle Eastern peninsula especially in Saudi Arabia, there is a varsity temperature variation among the individual regions. As far as the city of Tabuk is concerned, no study has been conducted, regarding climate change (the temperature rise) in the Tabuk region and its implications on society and for the flagship “Future Smart Cities” concept. In this paper, machine learning algorithms [...]

The Equator Project Research School and Mentoring Network: evaluated interventions to improve equity in geoscience research

Natasha Joanne Dowey, Anya Lawrence, Munira Raji, et al.

Published: 2024-03-26
Subjects: Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

There is a well-documented racial and ethnic diversity crisis in Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (GEES) subjects in the Global North that leads to inequities in who does environmental research. The Equator project set out to increase participation and retention of UK-domiciled Black, Asian and minority ethnic students in GEES research by developing evidence-based, ring-fenced, fully [...]

HydroRTC: A Web-Based Data Transfer and Communication Library for Collaborative Data Processing and Sharing in the Hydrological Domain

Carlos Erazo Ramirez, Muhammed Yusuf Sermet, Muneeb Shahid, et al.

Published: 2024-03-19
Subjects: Education, Engineering

The exponential growth in data generated by satellites, radars, sensors, and analysis and reanalysis from model outputs for the hydrological domain requires efficient real-time data management and distribution mechanisms. This paper introduces HydroRTC, a web-based data transfer and communication library designed to accelerate large-scale data sharing and analysis. Leveraging next-generation web [...]

Co-constructing ‘third spaces’ for engagement between minoritized community groups and environmental scientists

Richard Holliman, Geeta Ludhra, Clare Warren, et al.

Published: 2024-02-27
Subjects: Education, Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The demographics of environmental and Earth scientists are not representative of the UK’s multicultural society. We sought to widen diversity through two related engaged research projects, 'Walking the Walk' and 'Landscape Stories'. This paper offers a critically reflexive account, based on the methodology of duoethnography, of how we co-constructed a ‘third space’ for these projects. We sought [...]

Decoding the Dialogue Between Clouds and Land

Tianning SU, Zhanqing Li

Published: 2024-02-17
Subjects: Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

New research is challenging established assumptions about how clouds form and interact with Earth’s surface. One result may be better weather forecasts.

UNESCO Global Geoparks as useful sceneries to disseminate science and raise awareness of geological risks: the case of Las Loras Geopark (Spain)

Irene deFelipe, Armanda Cruz, Dolores Pereira

Published: 2024-01-22
Subjects: Education, Engineering

Natural and anthropic hazards derived from climate change are endangering heritage and society. Geoheritage is vulnerable. Nowadays we are witnessing the destruction of monuments with high emotional significance due to wars, but climate change is also contributing to the loss of the same cultural heritage. Prevention is often the best way to protect geoheritage from disappearing and society is [...]

Occurrences, distribution and sources of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) in the mangrove dominated estuaries in the central part of the Indian Sundarbans, a world heritage site.

VANDANA KUMARI GUPTA, Krishnamoorthi Vimalkumar, Prasun Sanyal, et al.

Published: 2024-01-18
Subjects: Education

This study aimed to provide the baseline report on the occurrence of five emerging contaminants namely Phenols, Triclosan, NSAIDs, Phthalate and Parabens under pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the surface water of Indian Sundarbans estuarine system. The emerging contaminants of PPCPs were investigated from the two estuaries in the central of Indian Sundarbans namely Thakuran [...]

Stones that tell stories

Dolores Pereira

Published: 2024-01-17
Subjects: Education, Engineering

When a historical building, monument, or cultural heritage artifact is affected by a natural or anthropic event, the first reaction is to recover and restore them to maintain our heritage for the next generations. If they are made of stone, some are completely destroyed, but it is often still possible to recognize the facts that made them a cultural item. In many cases, the marks of violent [...]

Empowering the Next-Generation Climate Scientists: Insights from the 2023 Forecasters’ WEB (ForWEB) Exchange Program/Hackathon at KNUST, Ghana

Jeffrey N.A. Aryee, Caleb Mensah, Eric Dorkutso Ayitah, et al.

Published: 2024-01-10
Subjects: Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

In response to the escalating climate change issues, the Forecasters' WEB (ForWEB), established by the Department of Meteorology and Climate Science, KNUST, collaborated with the Department of Atmospheric and Climate Science, UENR to host the first, exchange program/hackathon. The program aimed at equipping students with knowledge, practical skills, and a collaborative ethos for addressing the [...]

Machine-Learning Approaches for Assessing Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) in Ghana, West Africa

Jesse Gilbert, Jeffrey N.A. Aryee, Mary Jessie Adjei

Published: 2024-01-07
Subjects: Education, Medicine and Health Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

In the field of environmental health, assessing air pollution exposure has historically posed challenges, primarily due to sparse ground observation networks. To overcome this limitation, satellite remote sensing of aerosols provides a valuable tool for monitoring air quality and estimating particulate matter concentration (PM) at the surface. In this study, we employ two predictive models to [...]

A Systematic Review of Machine Learning Algorithms in Groundwater Level Simulations and Forecasting

Jesse Gilbert, Cyril Dziedzorm Boateng, Jeffrey N.A. Aryee, et al.

Published: 2023-12-29
Subjects: Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Over two billion individuals worldwide rely on subterranean water as their primary reservoir of clean water. Ensuring the sustainable management of this heavily burdened resource necessitates a comprehensive quantitative evaluation of groundwater reserves. This becomes even more critical as water resources face escalating demands resulting from socioeconomic growth, population expansion, and the [...]

search

You can search by:

  • Title
  • Keywords
  • Author Name
  • Author Affiliation