Microstructural Constraints on Magmatic Mushes under Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13635-y.

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Authors

Penny Wieser , Marie Edmonds, John Maclennan, John Wheeler

Abstract

Distorted olivines of enigmatic origin are ubiquitous in erupted products from a wide range of volcanic systems (e.g., Hawaiʻi, Iceland, Andes). Investigation of these features at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai’i, using an integrative crystallographic and chemical approach places quantitative constraints on mush pile thicknesses. Electron back-scatter diffraction (EBSD) reveals that the microstructural features of distorted olivines, whose chemical composition is distinct from undistorted olivines, are remarkably similar to olivines within deformed mantle peridotites, but inconsistent with an origin from dendritic growth. This, alongside the spatial distribution of distorted grains and the absence of adcumulate textures, suggests that olivines were deformed within melt-rich mush piles accumulating within the summit reservoir. Quantitative analysis of subgrain geometry reveals that olivines experienced differential stresses of 3-12 MPa, consistent with their storage in mush piles with thicknesses of a few hundred metres. Overall, our microstructural analysis of erupted crystals provides novel insights into mush-rich magmatic systems.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/ks78e

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Mineral Physics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Volcanology

Keywords

olivine, Microstructures, Kīlauea Volcano, EBSD, Mush Piles, Subvolcanic processes

Dates

Published: 2019-05-06 15:52

Last Updated: 2019-11-16 19:27

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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