Filtering by Subject: Earth Sciences

Last millennium climate variability in the Romanian Carpathians: a synthesis

Juliana Nogueira, Miloš Rydval, Krešimir Begović

Published: 2023-10-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences

The Carpathian Mountains span Central and Eastern Europe and provide vital ecosystem functions and services. For this reason, the conservation status of the Carpathians is critical due to environmental pressures such as deforestation and the impacts of climate change, which has significantly affected the region's ecosystem dynamics and communities through increased frequency of floods and [...]

A Novel Approach for Predicting Large Wildfires Using Machine Learning Towards Environmental Justice via Environmental Remote Sensing and Atmospheric Reanalysis Data across the United States

Nikita Agrawal, Peder Nelson, Russanne Low

Published: 2023-10-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences

Large wildfires (>125 hectares) in the United States account for over 95% of the burned area each year. Predicting large wildfires is imperative, however, current wildfire predictive models are region-based and computationally intensive. Using a scalable model based on easily available environmental and atmospheric data, this research aims to accurately predict across the United States whether [...]

Impacts of the African Humid Period termination may have been delayed in the Atlantic Sahara

Juliana Nogueira, Heitor Evangelista, Abdelfettah Sifeddine, et al.

Published: 2023-10-24
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences

The paleoenvironmental changes recorded at the Khnifiss Lagoon, on the Saharan Atlantic coast, southern Morocco, during the last 3.5 kyrs BP puts another piece to the puzzle on the intricate relationship between North Atlantic climate patterns and climate variations in Northwest Africa. This study shed light on the hydroclimatic dynamics during a pivotal climatic period: the transition from the [...]

Pygoda: a graphical interface to efficiently visualise and explore large sets of geolocated time series

Yann Ziegler, Jonathan L. Bamber

Published: 2023-10-24
Subjects: Categorical Data Analysis, Climate, Computer Sciences, Databases and Information Systems, Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Fresh Water Studies, Geographic Information Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Glaciology, Graphics and Human Computer Interfaces, Hydrology, Longitudinal Data Analysis and Time Series, Meteorology, Other Earth Sciences, Other Statistics and Probability, Spatial Science

Modern-day data sets in geosciences may comprise hundreds or thousands of geolocated time series. Despite all the automated tools and new algorithms now available to process and prepare those data before using them in research projects, it can be useful or even necessary to visualise and investigate them manually. Whether it be for data quality assessment, for the preparation of a training data [...]

Hydrological model skills change with drought severity; insights from multi-variable evaluation

Giulia Bruno, Francesco Avanzi, Lorenzo Alfieri, et al.

Published: 2023-10-23
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Hydrology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Hydrological models often do not properly simulate streamflow (Q) during extreme events, including droughts. Limited abilities in simulating Q during droughts may arise from a misrepresentation of Q generating processes during these periods, but little research has focused on distributed, process-based models over human-affected areas and extreme events. To shed more light into model consistency [...]

Reply to: Beyond microbial carbon use efficiency

Feng Tao, Johannes Lehmann, Ying-Ping Wang, et al.

Published: 2023-10-20
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Earth Sciences

In their commentary, Xiao et al. cautioned that the conclusions on the critical role of microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE) in global soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in a paper by Tao et al. (2023) might be too simplistic. They claimed that Tao et al.’s study lacked mechanistic consideration of SOC formation and excluded important datasets. Xiao et al. brought up important points, which can [...]

A Deep Learning framework to map riverbed sand mining budgets in large tropical deltas

Sonu Kumar, Edward Park, Dung Duc Tran, et al.

Published: 2023-10-19
Subjects: Computer Sciences, Earth Sciences, Environmental Education, Environmental Health and Protection, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Natural Resource Economics, Natural Resources and Conservation, Natural Resources Management and Policy, Other Environmental Sciences, Planetary Geomorphology, Planetary Sedimentology, Sustainability, Water Resource Management

Rapid urbanization has dramatically increased the demand for river sand, leading to soaring sand extraction rates that often exceed natural replenishment in many rivers globally. However, our understanding of the geomorphic and social-ecological impacts arising from Sand Mining (SM) remains limited, primarily due to insufficient data on sand extraction rates. Conventionally, bathymetry surveys [...]

Future (2015-2100) Antarctic-wide ice-shelf firn air depletion from a statistical firn emulator

Devon Dunmire, Nander Wever, Alison Banwell, et al.

Published: 2023-10-13
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Glaciology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Antarctic firn is critical for ice-shelf stability because it stores meltwater that would otherwise pond on the surface. Ponded meltwater increases the risk of hydrofracture, and subsequent potential ice-shelf collapse. Here, we use output from a firn model to build a computationally simpler emulator that uses a random forest to predict ice-shelf firn air content (FAC) based on climate [...]

The Future of Developed Barrier Systems - Part II: Alongshore Complexities and Emergent Climate Change Dynamics

Katherine A Anarde, Laura J Moore, Brad Murray, et al.

Published: 2023-10-11
Subjects: Earth Sciences

Developed barrier systems (barrier islands and spits) are lowering and narrowing with sea-level rise (SLR) such that habitation will eventually become infeasible or prohibitively expensive in its current form. Before reaching this state, communities and other entities will make choices, in the face of changing climate conditions, to modify the natural and built environment to reduce relatively [...]

The Heavy Mineral Map of Australia Project: A Novel, Rapid, Automated Quantitative Mineralogy Workflow

Alexander Thomas Walker, Brent McInnes, Patrice de Caritat, et al.

Published: 2023-10-10
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The Heavy Mineral Map of Australia (HMMA) is the world’s first project aiming to define a continental heavy mineral baseline. It utilises a novel sample processing workflow and automated mineralogy techniques to rapidly generate and analyse mineralogical data from 1315 archived samples of catchment outlet sediments collected from 1186 catchments across the Australian continent. Heavy [...]

Field Report No. 3 - Tabor Tree Project Summary Report 2021

candace gossen

Published: 2023-10-10
Subjects: Adult and Continuing Education, Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Outdoor Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

“The Friends of Mt. Tabor Park (FMTP) was organized as a non-profit group* in 2000. Our pur- pose is to improve and help maintain Mt. Tabor Park for the benefit of individuals, organizations and the Park Bureau; to identify and help solve problems; and to participate in park planning projects.”(FMTP) During the winter of 2021 with covid closures of the Visitor Center, Tree Medicine hikes were [...]

Field Report No. 2 - Tabor Tree Project: Citizen Scientists Training

candace gossen

Published: 2023-10-10
Subjects: Adult and Continuing Education, Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Sciences, Outdoor Education, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

“NASA’s citizen science projects are collaborations between scientists and interested members of the public. Through these collaborations, volunteers (known as citizen scientists) have helped make thou- sands of important scientific discoveries.” (NASA) In January 2021, using the GLOBE Observer app, the Mt. Tabor community joined this global network of scientists, students, teachers, hikers, and [...]

Field Report No. 1 - Tabor Tree Project Report 2021

candace gossen

Published: 2023-10-10
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Nature and Society Relations, Other Plant Sciences

In this Survey, the Tabor Tree Project identified 130 trees randomly in all 12 zones of the park called Mt. Tabor in Portland, Oregon. The Majority of the Trees at Mt. Tabor Park are conifers, and specifically Douglas Fir who can live longer than 1,000 years. The oldest one in the park is 496 years old, and sprouted sometime around 1520 AD. Through the efforts of Tree Medicine hikes and Citizen [...]

Rano Kao & Ava Ranga Uka: Rapa Nui Report 2014

candace gossen

Published: 2023-10-10
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Fresh Water Studies

29 March 2014 Objective: Sampling and testing Rano Kao water depth, evaporation and volume. Compare with previous results from 2005, 2008 and 2014 coring expeditions and detect the rate of change in lake water evaporation as compared to Global Meteoric Water Line.

The influence of fluid inclusions, organics, and calcite fabric on trace element distributions in stalagmites

Heather M. Stoll, Oliver Kost

Published: 2023-10-09
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Growing stalagmites entrap water and organic molecules while incorporating trace elements in diverse crystallographic fabrics. However, the interrelationships between crystal defects, fluid inclusions, organic carbon incorporation, and trace element incorporation in stalagmites remain poorly constrained. Here we use for the first time Fourier Transformation Infrared Focal-Plane Array (FTIR-FPA) [...]


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