There are 3787 Preprints listed.

Germany-wide time series of interpolated phenological observations of main crop types between 1993 and 2021

Markus Möller, Florian Beyer, Marvin Dierks, et al.

Published: 2023-05-26
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The data descriptor represents a Germany-wide and spatio-temporally consistent 1 x1 km² analysis-ready time series of interpolated days of the year (DOYs). The data set covers 56 entry dates of phenological development stages of 9 main crop types for the period between 1993 and 2021. The derivation of the 1624 records is based on phenological observations provided by German Meteorological [...]

Chasing the water table: The impact of groundwater depletion on rural drinking water supply in peninsular India

Veena Srinivasan, Lakshmikanta NR, Manjunatha G, et al.

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering

Groundwater overexploitation has been cited as one of the biggest threats to rural drinking water in India, but there is very little quantitative evidence. In this paper, we aim to understand (1) the extent of actual groundwater depletion and its impact on rural drinking water supply systems, (2) the primary driver of groundwater depletion and (3) the additional financial burden in finding new [...]

Evolution of lake surface temperatures of high-altitude lakes in the European Alpine region under climate change

Katharina Enigl, Rainer Kurmayer

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Lake Surface Temperature (LST) is a key characteristic that reflects meteorological and climatological influences on lakes. In general, there is limited LST data from high elevation lakes available as these areas are remote and not part of regular monitoring programs. Nonetheless, it is crucial to understand their response to climate warming for the development of effective management strategies [...]

Integrated Formation Attenuation and Multiple Generator Identification from Multi-well VSP Data

Fahdi Maula, Marsha Sakina, Haryo Trihutomo

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Geophysics and Seismology

The Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) is a widely used technique for extracting velocity information and seismic well tie purposes. However, the full potential of VSP data remains underutilized. This study explores the broader applicability of VSP data beyond its conventional usage by investigating its benefits for seismic data processing and interpretation. Advanced VSP products, incorporating [...]

Macroplastic fragmentation in rivers

Maciej Liro, Anna Zielonka, Tim van Emmerik

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Geomorphology, Hydrology, Other Earth Sciences, Other Environmental Sciences, Sedimentology

The process of macroplastic (>0.5 cm) fragmentation results in the production of smaller plastic particles (micro- and nanoplastics), which threaten biota and human health and are difficult to remove from the environment. The global coverage and long retention times of macroplastic waste in fluvial systems (ranging from years to centuries) create long-lasting and widespread potential for its [...]

Maxar’s WorldView-3 Enables Low-Concentration Methane Detection from Space

Andreas Hayden, Joseph Christy

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology

Methane is large contributor to climate change; for this reason, detecting and eliminating sources of methane emissions is a key element to minimizing the effects of on-going climate change. While there are a variety of methods currently used to detect methane emissions, ranging from ground-based sensors to aerial sensors like drones and aircraft, satellite detections provide a broad-area [...]

Mesozoic paleogeography, structural configuration and evolution of the central Northern Calcareous Alps (Eastern Alps, Austria): Alternative scenarios and discussion

Oscar Fernandez, Hugo Ortner, Diethard Sanders, et al.

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Other Earth Sciences, Sedimentology, Tectonics and Structure

One of the most remarkable features of the central Northern Calcareous Alps (Eastern Alps, Austria) is the widespread presence of Upper Triassic deep-water carbonates and Permo-Triassic evaporites resting on deep-water Middle Jurassic sediments and their underlying Upper Triassic shallow-water carbonate platform successions. The Triassic deep-water carbonates and accompanying evaporites have been [...]

The role of thermal notch erosion in forcing localised calving failure and short-term increases in velocity at a lake-terminating glacier in southeast Iceland

Nathaniel Ross Baurley, Jane K Hart

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Glaciology

We utilised repeat high-resolution UAV-SfM surveys, alongside terrestrial photography acquired in-situ, to investigate, for the first time, the role of thermal notch erosion in forcing localised calving failure and subsequent short-term increases in velocity at a lake-terminating glacier. This data was acquired daily (where possible) across one week in July 2019 and two weeks in July 2021 to [...]

Transient stress evolution of the long-term slow slip cycle initiates the 2014 Mw 7.3 Guerrero earthquake

Duo Li, Alice-Agnes Gabriel

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Geophysics and Seismology

Transients of aseismic fault slip, slow slip events (SSEs), have been observed in spatial and temporal proximity to the initiation of megathrust earthquakes. However, the underlying physics potentially connecting a preceding SSE to earthquake rupture remains to be determined. Here, we link 3D observation-driven slow-slip cycle models with dynamic rupture simulations of the 2014 Mw7.3 Guerrero, [...]

Global mean sea level higher than present during the Holocene

Roger Cameron Creel, Jacqueline Austermann, Robert Kopp, et al.

Published: 2023-05-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Other Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Global mean sea-level (GMSL) change can provide insight on how ice sheets, glaciers, and oceans respond to warming[1;2]. The Holocene (11.7 ka to present) marks a time when temperatures may have exceeded early industrial (1850 CE) values[3]. Evidence from Greenland[4] and Antarctica[5;6] indicates that both ice sheets retreated inland of their present-day extents during the Holocene, yet previous [...]

GOES-R land surface products at Western Hemisphere eddy covariance tower locations

Danielle Losos, Sophie Hoffman, Paul Christopher Stoy

Published: 2023-05-24
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences

The terrestrial carbon cycle varies dynamically over short periods that can be difficult to observe. Geostationary (“weather”) satellites like the Geostationary Environmental Operational Satellite - R Series (GOES-R) deliver near-hemispheric imagery at a ten-minute cadence, and its Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) measures visible and near-infrared spectral bands that can be used to estimate land [...]

Exponential life-threatening rise of the global temperature

Markus Noll

Published: 2023-05-23
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Nature and Society Relations

Global temperatures are rising. This paper demonstrates for the first time that the global temperature increase has not been linear but is exponential with a doubling time of about 25 years. Both the amount of carbon dioxide produced by the combustion of fossil fuels and the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have also risen exponentially, with a similar doubling time. The exponential [...]

The Future in Anthropocene Science

Patrick W Keys, Rekha Warrier, Lynn Badia

Published: 2023-05-23
Subjects: Climate, Environmental Studies, Nature and Society Relations, Sustainability

The Anthropocene is the present time of human-caused accelerating global change, and new forms of Anthropocene risk are emerging that society has hitherto never experienced. Science and policy are grappling with the temporal and spatial magnitude of these changes, as well as the diminishing margin between science and policy itself. However, there is a gap in the transparency — and perhaps even in [...]

Developing the future visions for seamless multi-hazard warning for volcanic eruptions

Andrew Tupper, Graham Leonard

Published: 2023-05-23
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Volcanology

Much work has been done to build arrangements between volcanology and meteorology to handle the aviation risks from volcanic ash. This workshop will discuss how to approach collaborative arrangements for other volcanic hazards to the public, particularly where a multi-disciplinary approach is required. These hazards include tsunamis, ashfall, rainfall-induced dome collapses, lahars, pumice, [...]

Strategic Logic of Unilateral Climate Intervention

Curtis M Bell, Patrick W Keys

Published: 2023-05-22
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, International and Area Studies, Other Statistics and Probability, Risk Analysis

Climate change and unabated greenhouse gas emissions are increasing the possibility that the world will turn to climate intervention to curb ever-increasing global temperatures. To date, most work on this topic has imagined that an international organization like the United Nations or an international coalition of states will synchronize their efforts to deploy climate intervention at ideal [...]


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