Preprints

There are 2102 Preprints listed.

Correlative Microscopy: a tool for understanding soil weathering in modern analogues of early terrestrial biospheres

Ria Mitchell, Peter Davies, Paul Kenrick, Tobias Volkenandt, Cameron Pleydell-Pearce, Richard Johnston

Published: 2021-03-18
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Geology, Paleobiology, Plant Sciences, Research Methods in Life Sciences, Sedimentology, Soil Science

Correlative imaging provides a method of investigating complex systems by combining analytical (chemistry) and imaging (tomography) information across dimensions (2D-3D) and scales (centimetres-nanometres). We studied weathering processes in a modern cryptogamic ground cover (CGC) from Iceland, containing early colonizing, and evolutionary ancient, communities of mosses, lichens, fungi, and [...]

Polygenetic mélange in the retrowedge foredeep of an active arc-continent collision, Coastal Range of eastern Taiwan (accepted manuscript)

Larry Syu-Heng Lai, Rebecca J. Dorsey, Chorng-Shern Horng, Wen-Rong Chi, Kai-Shuan Shea, Jiun-Yee Yen

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

The Plio-Pleistocene Lichi Mélange in the Coastal Range of eastern Taiwan offers an excellent opportunity to study processes of mélange development at the continent-ocean interface of an active arc-continent collision. This paper presents new results of detailed geologic mapping, lithofacies analysis, magneto-biostratigraphy, paleocurrent, and paleoslope analyses in the southern Coastal Range to [...]

Phosphorus mineral evolution and prebiotic chemistry: from minerals to microbes

Craig Robert Walton, Oliver Shorttle, Frances Jenner, Helen Williams, Joshua Golden, Shaunna M. Morrison, Robert T Downs, Aubrey Zerkle, Robert Hazen, Matthew Pasek

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Minerals are known to control the availability of non-volatile and bio-essential elements at Earth’s surface, e.g., phosphorus (P). Therefore, the role of minerals in prebiotic chemistry is a focal point of research into the origins of life. However, the mineralogical diversity of earliest Earth is not definitively known. This uncertainty is owed both to progressive change in the Earth system and [...]

Formation of continental microplates through rift linkage: Numerical modelling and its application to the Flemish Cap and Sao Paulo Plateau

Derek Neuharth, Sascha Brune, Anne C Glerum, Christian Heine, J. Kim Welford

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Continental microplates are enigmatic plate boundary features, which can occur in extensional and compressional regimes. Here we focus on microplate formation and their temporal evolution in continental rift settings. To this aim, we employ the geodynamic finite element software ASPECT to conduct 3D lithospheric-scale numerical models from rift inception to continental breakup. We find that [...]

Controls on the spatio-temporal patterns of induced seismicity in Groningen constrained by physics-based modeling with Ensemble-Smoother data assimilation

Thibault Candela, Maarten Maarten Pluymaekers, Jean-Paul Ampuero, Jan-Diederik van Wees, Loes Buijze, Brecht Wassing, Sander Osinga, Niels Grobbe, Annemarie Muntendam-Bos

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Oil, Gas, and Energy

The induced seismicity in the Groningen gas field, The Netherlands, presents contrasted spatio-temporal patterns between the central area and the south west area. Understanding the origin of this contrast requires a thorough assessment of two factors: (1) the stress development on the Groningen faults, and (2) the frictional response of the faults to induced stresses. Both factors have large [...]

Reducing variability in OSL rock surface dating profiles.

Joanne Elkadi, Georgina King, Benjamin Lehmann, Frederic Herman

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics

In recent years, rock surface dating has seen the emergence of a technique based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL). This application translates the depth of OSL signal bleaching within a rock surface into an exposure age or erosion rate at 1-10000 a timescales. Considerable effort has been undertaken to improve our understanding of OSL rock surface dating, yet a large amount of [...]

Can hydrocarbon extraction from the crust enhance or inhibit seismicity in tectonically active regions? A statistical study in Italy

Alexander Garcia, Licia Faenza, Andrea Morelli, Ilaria Antoncecchi

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Statistics and Probability

A number of oil- and gas-producing leases have been operating in Italy in the last decades, many of which are located in the surroundings of tectonically active regions. Identifying human-induced seismicity in areas with high levels of natural seismicity is a difficult task for which virtually any result can be a source of controversy. We implemented a large-scale analysis aiming at tracking [...]

Long-term evolution of Earth's continental surface elevation

Shanan E Peters, David B Rowley

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Geology, Geomorphology

Determining the timescale over which continental surface elevation (hypsometry) evolves is difficult because it reflects a combination of isostasy and dynamic topography operating in concert with erosion and deposition. Here, we use 252 million year old and younger shallow marine sediments exposed at the surface as tracers of net change in continental surface elevation over time. In aggregate, we [...]

Micro-scale sedimentary signature of paleoearthquakes and paleotsunamis in the Corinth Rift (Greece)

Gino de Gelder, Mai-Linh Doan, Christian Beck, Julie Carlut, Chloe Seibert, Nathalie Feuillet, Gareth D. O. Carter, Sofia Pechlivanidou, Robert Gawthorpe

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences

Silurian carbonate high-energy deposits of potential tsunami origin: distinguishing lateral redeposition and time averaging using carbon isotope chemostratigraphy

Emilia Jarochowska, Axel Munnecke

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Stable carbon isotope curves are used as a precise stratigraphic tool in the Paleozoic, even though they are commonly based on shallow-water carbonate record, characterized by low stratigraphic completeness. Identification of episodes of large-scale redeposition and erosion may improve δ13Ccarb-based correlations. Here, a series of at least three episodes of high-energy onshore redeposition are [...]

The Sidi Ifni transect across the rifted margin of Morocco (Central Atlantic): Vertical movements constrained by low-temperature thermochronology

Remi J.G. Charton, Giovanni Bertotti, Angel Arantegui, Luc Bulot

Published: 2021-03-17
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Paleontology, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

The occurrence of km-scale exhumations during syn- and post-rift stages has been documented along Atlantic continental margins, which are also characterised by basins undergoing substantial subsidence. The relationship between the exhuming and subsiding domains is poorly understood. In this study, we reconstruct the evolution of a 50 km long transect across the Moroccan rifted margin from the [...]

Prototyping a collaborative data curation service for coastal science

Evan B Goldstein, Anna E Braswell, Caitlin M Mc Shane

Published: 2021-03-16
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The growing push for open data has resulted in an abundance of data for coastal researchers, which can lead to problems for individual researchers related to discoverability of relevant data. One solution is to explicitly develop services for coastal researchers to help curate data for discovery, hosting discussions around reuse, community building, and finding collaborators. To develop the idea [...]

Pre-salt rift morphology controls salt tectonics in the Campos Basin, offshore SE Brazil

Francyne Bochi do Amarante, Christopher A-L Jackson, Leonardo Muniz Pichel, Claiton Marlon dos Santos Scherer, Juliano Kuchle

Published: 2021-03-14
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Classic models of gravity-driven salt tectonics commonly depict kinematically linked zones of overburden deformation, characterised by updip extension and downdip contraction, separated by a weakly deformed zone associated with downdip translation above a relatively smooth base-salt surface. We use 2D and 3D seismic reflection and borehole data from the south-central Campos Basin to show that [...]

Lithologic Controls on Silicate Weathering Regimes of Temperate Planets

Kaustubh Hakim, Dan J. Bower, Meng Tian, Russell Deitrick, Pierre Auclair-Desrotour, Daniel Kitzmann, Caroline Dorn, Klaus Mezger, Kevin Heng

Published: 2021-03-12
Subjects: Astrophysics and Astronomy, Earth Sciences, Geochemistry, Planetary Geochemistry, Planetary Sciences

Weathering of silicate rocks at a planetary surface can draw down CO2 from the atmosphere for eventual burial and long-term storage in the planetary interior. This process is thought to provide essential negative feedback to the carbonate-silicate cycle (carbon cycle) to maintain clement climates on Earth and potentially similar temperate exoplanets. We implement thermodynamics to determine [...]

High resolution, annual maps of the characteristics of smallholder-dominated croplands at national scales

Lyndon D Estes, Su Ye, Lei Song, Boka Luo, J. Ronald Eastman, Zhenhua Meng, Qi Zhang, Dennis McRitchie, Stephanie R. Debats, Justus Muhando, Angeline H. Amukoa, Brian W. Kaloo, Jackson Makuru, Ben K. Mbatia, Isaac M. Muasa, Julius Mucha, Adelide M. Mugami, Judith M. Mugami, Francis W. Muinde, Fredrick M. Mwawaza, Jeff Ochieng, Charles J. Oduol, Purent Oduor, Thuo Wanjiku, Joseph G. Wanyoike, Ryan Avery, Kelly Caylor

Published: 2021-03-12
Subjects: Agriculture, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Geographic Information Sciences, Geography, Life Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation, Physical and Environmental Geography, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Remote Sensing, Spatial Science, Sustainability

Understanding agricultural change requires reliable, frequently updated maps that describe the characteristics of croplands. Such data are often unavailable for regions dominated by smallholder agricultural systems, which are particularly challenging for remote sensing. To overcome these challenges, we designed a system to minimize several sources of error that arise when mapping smallholder [...]

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